The most brutal reality around the world is Modern slavery. Here we’ve compiled a list of 10 countries with most slaves per capita. This list is based on the facts and figures that defined in Global Slavery Index by Walk Free. According to Global Slavery Index, there are estimated 46 million people living in modern-day slavery. 58 percent of people in slavery are living in just five countries: India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Uzbekistan. India has the maximum numbers of slaves at 18.40 million, compared to 3.4 million in China and 2.1 million in Pakistan. Have a look at ten countries where slavery is most prevalent.
The West African nation of Mauritania ranks highest on the prevalence of modern slavery. More than 20 percent of the country’s population is deemed to be enslaved. Chattel slavery (slave status is passed down through generations) is the most common in Mauritania.
See also; 10 Worst Countries for Women.
Child slavery is a widespread problem in the Caribbean nation of Haiti. The country has 9th place among the top countries with most slaves, fueled by high poverty, lack of access to social services and a system of child labour known as “restavek”, in which poor children from rural areas are sent to work with families in cities.
With an estimated 33,000 slaves, Moldova is mainly a source country for modern slavery. Moldovan emigrants are enslaved in other nearby countries like Ukraine, Russia, the United States, Germany, Belarus and elsewhere. Moldovans have been trafficked for purposes of organ removal.
See also; 10 Most Corrupt Nations in the World Today.
Nigeria hold the 7th place among the top 10 countries with most slaves. There are about 0.88 million people live in modern day slavery in Nigeria today. People of all ages are forced into various forms of modern slavery. Young girls and boys are mostly trafficked into domestic servitude, sex work and for other manual work. Forced marriages, child marriages and forced labor are common, even some girls are forced to work in restaurants or market stalls. Young girls also get tricked, as they will get jobs as nannies in Western countries but end up as sex slaves in the countries like; United Kingdom, Italy, or Belgium.
More than a million people live in modern day slavery in Russia. According to Global Slavery Index, many people work in forced labor situations in the construction, agriculture, textiles, and timber sectors. While women and children are suffer sexual exploitation. Human trafficking is also in practice in Russia. In addition, Russian Brothels have girls trafficked as sex slaves from neighboring countries as; Moldova, Ukraine and Belarus.
The country also serves as a transit point for human trafficked into and out of countries like; Oman, UAE, Bahrain, China, South Korea and Japan. Where many are forced to work as slaves, or be used as commercial sex workers.
With in the Central Asian country of Uzbekistan, modern slavery is primarily characterized as forced labor. According to Global Slavery Index, equivalent to 1.20 million people are under the shackles modern day slavery. Most of this slavery is concentrated in the cotton-growing agricultural sector, where there is state-sanctioned forced labor. The farmers officially to be forced to grow cotton, and to harvest it every autumn for the state’s benefit.
According to Global Slavery Index, modern slavery is primarily characterized as child labor in Bangladesh. Almost 1.50 million Bangladeshis are modern day slaves. Hundreds of thousands of Bangli children aged from 5 to 17 years old are in child labor, according to UNICEF. They are working in fisheries, textile industry, agriculture, mining, recycling, brick kilns and garbage collection industries, among others.
With in the country, modern slavery is primarily characterized as bonded labor OR debt slavery. According to the Global Slavery Index, nearly 2.10 million people are in bonded labour in Pakistan. Punjab and Sindh provinces being the hot-spots for debt slavery or bonded labor. Many Pakistanis migrate to Gulf states, Iran, Turkey, South Africa and elsewhere in search of work, where they fall prey to unscrupulous labour agents who withhold passports and don’t pay wages.
See also; 10 Most Corrupt Police Forces.
As of 2017 Global Slavery Index published by the Walk Free Foundation, reported China had 3.40 million slaves. Rapid modernization is regarded as the main driver for modern slavery in China. These slaves work in construction, heavy industries, mines, and housekeeping.
According to China’s National Bureau of Statistics, 166 million people (included many women and children) regarded as domestic migrants left their homes to go work elsewhere in China. They are forced labor, sexual exploitation, and forced marriages. In addition, sexual slavery is also prominent in China. As the young ladies from Cambodia and Vietnam are trafficked into China, and sold as brides into marriages.
India is the country with the highest number of slave people in the world. Almost all forms of slavery are practiced there, from inter-generational bonded labor to sex trafficking, forced marriage and child labour. With an estimated 18.40 million slaves, India is home to almost 1/2 of the world’s slave population. Regarded as the modern day slave capital of the world, India is also home to highest rape crimes in the world.